Be prepared for winter weather and dress appropriately in multiple loose layers of clothing with the top layer being wind proof and water repellant. The layers help trap air and keep you warm.
Limit the amount of time you are outdoors. Frostbite can occur within minutes on a day that is less than 20 degrees Fahrenheit with winds of 20 mph.
Wear mittens instead of gloves as they offer better protection
Do not use torches or other open flame devices to thaw pipes or other equipment
Insulate pipes that may be exposed to outside temperatures
-Check around the home for other areas where water supply lines are located in unheated areas. Look in the basement, crawl space, attic, garage, and under kitchen and bathroom cabinets. Both hot and cold water pipes in these areas should be insulated.
-Consider installing specific products made to insulate water pipes like a “pipe sleeve” or installing UL-listed “heat tape,” “heat cable,” or similar materials on exposed water pipes
-Properly drain automatic landscaping sprinkler systems.
-Disconnect all hoses from water supplies around the outside of your home.
-Keep garage doors closed if there are water supply lines in the garage.
-Open kitchen and bathroom cabinet doors to allow warmer air to circulate around the plumbing.
-When the weather is very cold outside, let the cold water drip from the faucet served by exposed pipes. Running water through the pipe – even at a trickle – helps prevent pipes from freezing.
-Keep the thermostat set to the same temperature both during the day and at night. By temporarily suspending the use of lower nighttime temperatures, you may incur a higher heating bill, but you can prevent a much more costly repair job if pipes freeze and burst.
-If you will be going away during cold weather, leave the heat on in your home, set to a temperature no lower than 55° F.
-If you have a home fire sprinkler system, have it evaluated by a professional fire sprinkler company to make sure the system is operational. Systems containing antifreeze should be inspected annually